2004-10-13

    Madre no hay más que una...




    En un artículo de El Mundo (Hallan ranas 'piratas' que fecundan los huevos de otros machos) podemos encontrar la siguiente cita:

    <<[David] Vieites precisó que los análisis genéticos demostraron que los renacuajos nacidos de estas puestas poseen unos genes de un macho y otros del "macho pirata". >>

    Si lo he entendido bien, CADA renacuajo sería un mosaico genético, es decir, tendría una madre y VARIOS padres. No me lo creo. Como de costumbre, el artículo no facilita ninguna referencia científica ni fuente de ninguna clase, así que no puedo buscar si en efecto David Vieites afirma esto (y las pruebas genéticas lo confirman) o si, como de costumbre, se trata de otro caso más de "rigor periodístico" en el reportaje científico.

    He buscado en Google, y he encontrado este artículo de El Faro de Vigo de hace casi un mes. Dicen que el estudio se ha publicado en Nature (mira que me extraña que algo tan chocante se me haya pasado por alto...)

    El artículo en Nature lo podeis conseguir siguiendo el enlace (si estais suscritos; si no, pedidme el pdf indicando vuestro correo; en cualquier caso adjunto el abstract y un par de figuras). Después de echarle un vistazo, no detecto nada anormal. De hecho, todo lo contrario, siempre se refieren a fracción de la puesta fecundada por los piratas (insinúan que el tiempo entre distintas fecundaciones afecta al éxito del pirateo, cosa bastante lógica).

    Lamentablemente, debo concluir que se ha producido una tergiversación de la noticia (y que los de El Mundo se enteran de las noticias por la prensa) y que de resultas se está difundiendo información falsa. ¿Cuándo se empezará a tomar en serio la divulgación de noticias científicas?

    Nature 431,
    305 - 308 (16 September 2004); doi:10.1038/nature02879


    Post-mating clutch piracy in an amphibian
    DAVID R. VIEITES1,2,*, SANDRA NIETO-ROMÁN1,3, MARTA BARLUENGA2, ANTONIO PALANCA1, MIGUEL VENCES3 & AXEL MEYER2
    1 Laboratorio de Anatomía Animal, Departamento de Ecoloxía e Bioloxía Animal, Facultade de Ciencias Biolóxicas, Universidade de Vigo, Buzón 137, 36201 Vigo, Spain
    2 Lehrstuhl für Zoologie und Evolutionsbiologie, Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, 78457 Konstanz, Germany
    3 Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics and Zoological Museum, University of Amsterdam, Mauritskade 61, 1092 AD Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    * Present address: Museum of Vertebrate Zoology and Department of Integrative Biology, 3101 Valley Life Sciences Building, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-3160, USA 

    Correspondence and requests for materials should be addressed to D.R.V. (vieites@berkeley.edu).

    Female multiple mating and alternative mating systems can decrease the opportunity for sexual selection1-3. Sperm competition is often the outcome of females mating with multiple males and has been observed in many animals1, 4-7, and alternative reproductive systems are widespread among species with external fertilization and parental care3, 8-10. Multiple paternity without associated complex behaviour related to mating or parental care is also seen in simultaneously spawning amphibians11-15 and fishes16 that release gametes into water. Here we report 'clutch piracy' in a montane population of the common frog Rana temporaria, a reproductive behaviour previously unknown in vertebrates with external fertilization. Males of this species clasp the females and the pair deposits one spherical clutch of eggs. No parental care is provided. 'Pirate' males search for freshly laid clutches, clasp them as they would do a female and fertilize the eggs that were left unfertilized by the 'parental' male. This behaviour does not seem to be size-dependent, and some males mate with a female and perform clutch piracy in the same season. Piracy affected 84% of the clutches and in some cases increased the proportion
    of eggs fertilized, providing direct fitness benefits both for the pirate males and the females17. Sexual selection-probably caused by a strong male-biased sex ratio-occurs in this population, as indicated by size-assortative mating; however, clutch piracy may reduce its impact. This provides a good model to explore how alternative mating strategies can affect the intensity of sexual selection.


    Figure 1 Schematic representation of mating systems in R. temporaria. a, Females arrive at the breeding ponds and are clasped in the axillary region ('amplexus') by a male (the 'parental' male). The female deposits a single, spherical clutch of eggs. The parental male simultaneously releases his sperm and thereby fertilizes the eggs externally. Subsequently both parents leave the clutch. b, 'Pirate' males search for freshly laid clutches, clasp them and release their sperm, sometimes crawling into the clutch to gain access to the internal eggs.
    Figure 3 Percentage of fertilized eggs in clutches not exposed (grey) and exposed (black) to clutch piracy. The percentage of eggs of a clutch fertilized in the absence of piracy was 19.2-95.7% (mean s.d. = 72.9 18.0%). This percentage was not significantly different to that found for all clutches exposed to piracy (U31,25 = 308, P = 0.19), but in clutches in which the pirate had access to the interior eggs the percentage was higher (U31,12 = 80, P = 0.003). Error bars are 5% and 95% percentiles; 25% and 75% percentiles delimit the box, and the median is shown as a line. Dots represent outliers.

Referencias (TrackBacks)

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1
De: josemi Fecha: 2004-10-14 22:54

Ya me parecia a mi que esto no puede ser....

Y que ademas es imposible. Entre otras cosas por que tal y como esta redactada la noticia, da a entender que las pobres hembras que cargan con la produccion de los huevos, al final no pasan sus genes a la siguiente generación.

Asi que no tiene sentido a la luz de la evolucion :-)



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Hola soy un estudiante de magíster en ciencias de la ULA en Chile. Y justo me encuentro realizando un seminario respecto al concepto biologico de individuos y sus atributos. Por lo que me serviria mucho este trabajo.
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visit : distributor alat pemadam kebakaran
visit : supplier alat pemadam api
visit : jual apar gunnebo
visit : toko apar gunnebo
visit : supplier apar gunnebo
visit : toko apar protect
visit : supplier apar protect
visit : jual apar servvo
visit : toko apar servvo
visit : supplier apar servvo
visit : jual apar chubb
visit : toko apar chubb
visit : supplier apar chubb
visit : jual apar yamato
visit : toko apar yamato
visit : supplier apar yamato
visit : jual apar alpindo
visit : supplier apar alpindo
visit : harga apar
visit : tabung pemadam kebakaran
visit : harga apar 3kg



84
De: asds Fecha: 2018-11-16 03:37

WEB ARYARENTALMOBIL
visit : rental mobil bandung
visit : sewa mobil bandung
visit : travel mobil bandung



85
De: asds Fecha: 2018-11-16 03:37

WEBSITE CIPTA KREASI
visit : atap membran jakarta
visit : jual atap membran murah
visit : aplikator atap membran
visit : spesialis atap membran
visit : jasa atap membran
visit : jasa pasang atap membran
visit : ahli pasang atap membran
visit : kanopi membran jakarta
visit : jual kanopi membran
visit : aplikator kanopi membran
visit : spesialis kanopi membran
visit : ahli pasang kanopi membran
visit : jasa pasang kanopi membran
visit : kanopi membran jakarta
visit : jasa kanopi membran
visit : tenda membran jakarta
visit : jual tenda membran
visit : aplikator tenda membran
visit : Toko tenda membran
visit : jasa tenda membran
visit : tenda membran murah
visit : awning gulung jakarta
visit : jual awning gulung
visit : aplikator awning gulung
visit : jasa pemasangan awning gulung
visit : ahli pasang awning gulung
visit : awning gulung murah
visit : kanopi kain jakarta
visit : jual kanopi kain
visit : aplikator kanopi kain
visit : kanopi kain murah
visit : jasa pasang kanopi kain
visit : ahli pasang kanopi kain



86
De: asds Fecha: 2018-11-16 03:37

WEBSITE AKBAR MUSIK DRUM BAND
visit : pengrajin drumband
visit : pengrajin marching band
visit : jual drumband
visit : jual marching band
visit : jual seragam drumband
visit : pengrajin drumband
visit : pengrajin marching band
visit : jual seragam drumband
visit : jual seragam marching band
visit : jual peralatan drumband
visit : produsen peralatan drumband
visit : jual peralatan marching band
visit : produsen peralatan marching band
visit : harga peralatan drumband
visit : harga peralatan marching band



87
De: asds Fecha: 2018-11-16 03:37

WEBSITE DUTA ARTA SEMPANA
visit : wiremesh
visit : Harga Besi Wf
visit : Harga Baja
visit : Harga Wiremesh
visit : Daftar Harga Besi
visit : harga bondek
visit : Jual Bondek
visit : Besi Beton Murah
visit : Rel Kereta Api
visit : Sheet Pile
visit : Daftar Harga Besi Beton
visit : harga besi
visit : harga besi hollow
visit : Toko Besi
visit : Ukuran Besi Hollow
visit : kolom praktis
visit : Daftar Harga Baja
visit : Daftar Harga Besi Hollow
visit : Harga Besi Cnp
visit : Harga Besi Baja
visit : Harga Pagar Brc
visit : Besi Hollow
visit : harga plat hitam



88
De: asds Fecha: 2018-11-16 03:37


WEB TRANSWA TRANSLATOR
visit : Penterjemah tersumpah bahasa inggris
visit : Penterjemah bahasa inggris
visit : Translate bahasa inggris
visit : Penterjemah tersumpah di jakarta
visit : Penerjemah bahasa inggris
visit : Jasa penerjemah bahasa inggris
visit : Penerjemah tersumpah bahasa inggris
visit : Interpreting bahasa inggris
visit : Penerjemah professional bahasa inggris
visit : Penerjemah bahasa jerman di jakarta
visit : Penerjemah bahasa china di jakarta
visit : Penerjemah bahasa jepang di jakarta
visit : Penerjemah bahasa belanda di jakarta
visit : Penerjemah bahasa arab di jakarta
visit : Penerjemah bahasa thailand di jakarta
visit : Penerjemah bahasa spanyol di jakarta
visit : Penerjemah bahasa perancis di jakarta
visit : Penerjemah bahasa portugis di jakarta
visit : Penerjemah bahasa rusia di jakarta
visit : Penerjemah bahasa norwegia di jakarta
visit : Penerjemah bahasa turki di jakarta
visit : Penerjemah bahasa taiwan di jakarta



89
De: asds Fecha: 2018-11-16 03:37

WEB EXCEL TRANSLATOR
visit : Penterjemah tersumpah di jakarta
visit : Interpreting bahasa inggris di jakarta
visit : Penerjemah profesional bahasa inggris di jakarta
visit : Penerjemah bahasa latin di jakarta
visit : Penterjemah bahasa inggris
visit : Penerjemah bahasa inggris
visit : Translate bahasa inggris
visit : Jasa peterjemah bahasa inggris
visit : Jasa penerjemah bahasa inggris
visit : Penterjemah tersumpah bahasa inggris
visit : Penerjemah tersumpah bahasa inggris
visit : jasa penerjemah tersumpah
visit : jasa peterjemah tersumpah



90
De: asds Fecha: 2018-11-16 03:38

WEB GUDANG GROSIRAN
visit : grosir baju murah
visit : supplier baju murah
visit : toko baju anak
visit : toko baju online
visit : reseller baju anak
visit : grosir tanah abang
visit : tanah abang grosir
visit : baju dress anak
visit : baju tidur anak
visit : dress anak perempuan
visit : baju gaun anak
visit : gaun pesta anak
visit : baju anak anak
visit : pakaian bayi perempuan
visit : fashion anak perempuan
visit : baju anak laki
visit : baju online shop
visit : baju online murah
visit : baju bayi perempuan
visit : baju bayi lucu
visit : baju muslim anak
visit : baju gamis anak
visit : baju pesta anak
visit : baju tidur anak
visit : toko baju online



91
De: asds Fecha: 2018-11-16 03:38

WEBSITE MULTI KREASI
visit : jasa kolam renang
visit : kontraktor kolam renang profesional
visit : jasa renovasi kolam renang
visit : kontraktor kolam renang terbaik
visit : jasa pembuatan kolam renang
visit : jasa desain kolam renang
visit : kontraktor kolam renang
visit : jasa perawatan kolam renang
visit : jasa service kolam renang
visit : jasa instalasi kolam renang



92
De: asds Fecha: 2018-11-16 03:38

WEBSITE OUTBOUND BOGOR
visit : outbound bogor
visit : outbound di bogor
visit : tempat outbound di bogor
visit : outbound sentul
visit : arung jeram bogor



93
De: asds Fecha: 2018-11-16 03:38

WEB PERTAMINI

visit : Agen Pom Mini Flores
visit : Produsen Pertamini Malang
visit : Pertamini Digital Terbaik
visit : Jual Pom Mini
visit : Pertamini Digital Termurah
visit : Jual Pertamini Digital
visit : Distributor Pertamini Digital
visit : Usaha Pertamini Digital
visit : Pabrik Mesin Pertamini
visit : Harga Mesin Pom Mini Di Malang
visit : Harga Pertamini Digital Di Malang
visit : Agen Pertamini Malang
visit : Pom Mini Digital Termurah
visit : Agen Mesin Pertamini
visit : Produsen Mesin Pertamini
visit : Agen Pom Mini Digital
visit : Agen Pom Mini
visit : Mesin Pom Mini Murah
visit : Pom Mini Digital
visit : Pom Mini Termurah
visit : Mesin Pertamini Murah
visit : Jual Mesin Pertamini
visit : Harga Mesin Pertamini
visit : Pom Mini Digital Terbaik



94
De: asds Fecha: 2018-11-16 03:38

RENTAL MOTOR JOGJA
visit : Rental Motor Jogja
visit : Sewa Motor Jogja
visit : Rental Motor Jogjakarta
visit : Sewa Motor Jogjakarta
visit : Rental Motor Yogyakarta
visit : Sewa Motor Yogyakarta
visit : Sewa Sepeda Motor Jogja
visit : Rental Sepeda Motor Jogja
visit : Penyewaan Motor Jogja
visit : Persewaan Motor Jogja



95
De: asds Fecha: 2018-11-16 03:38

WEBSITE TENDA KLATEN
visit : persewaan alat pesta
visit : persewaan tenda
visit : persewaan tenda solo yogya
visit : sewa tenda klaten
visit : harga sewa tenda
visit : jasa sewa tenda klaten
visit : sewa alat pesta klaten
visit : sewa tenda murah
visit : sewa alat pesta murah
visit : sewa tenda pernikahan di klaten
visit : persewaan alat pesta solo
visit : persewaan alat pesta yogya
visit : persewaan alat pesta klaten
visit : persewaan tenda solo
visit : persewaan tenda yogya
visit : persewaan tenda klaten
visit : persewaan tenda
visit : persewaan tenda solo yogya
visit : sewa tenda klaten
visit : harga sewa tenda
visit : jasa sewa tenda klaten
visit : sewa alat pesta klaten
visit : sewa tenda murah
visit : persewaan tenda solo
visit : persewaan tenda yogya
visit : persewaan tenda klaten
visit : sewa tenda pernikahan di klaten
visit : persewaan alat pesta
visit : sewa alat pesta klaten
visit : sewa alat pesta murah
visit : persewaan alat pesta solo
visit : persewaan alat pesta yogya
visit : persewaan alat pesta klaten
visit : sewa tenda pernikahan
visit : sewa alat pesta
visit : wedding decor minimalis



96
De: asds Fecha: 2018-11-16 03:39

WEBSITE KEISHA CRAFT
visit : Undangan pernikahan jogja
visit : Undangan pernikahan murah
visit : Souvenir pernikahan murah
visit : Souvenir pernikahan jogja
visit : Souvenir pernikahan unik
visit : Pusat souvenir pernikahan
visit : Pusat souvenir pernikahan
visit : Grosir souvenir pernikahan
visit : Jual souvenir pernikahan
visit : Pelatihan gerabah kasongan
visit : Pelatihan gerabah kasongan
visit : Pelatihan Membuat gerabah
visit : Pelatihan Membuat gerabah



97
De: asds Fecha: 2018-11-16 03:39

WEBSITE DAYATSEWAMOBILMALANG
visit : rental mobil malang batu
visit : rental mobil malang bromo
visit : rental mobil murah di malang
visit : sewa mobil malang batu
visit : sewa mobil malang bromo
visit : sewa mobil murah di malang
visit : sewa mobil malang
visit : sewa mobil di malang
visit : rental mobil di malang
visit : sewa mobil malang batu
visit : sewa mobil malang bromo
visit : rental mobil malang
visit : rental mobil malang batu
visit : rental mobil malang bromo
visit : rental mobil murah di malang
visit : sewa mobil murah di malang



98
De: asds Fecha: 2018-11-16 03:39

WEBSITE TOKO BUNGA BOGOR
visit : Toko Bunga Bogor
visit : Toko Bunga Papan Bogor
visit : Bunga Papan Bogor
visit : Jual Karangan Bunga Papan
visit : Jual Bunga Di Bogor
visit : Toko Bunga 24 Jam
visit : Toko Bunga Sentul
visit : Toko Bunga Cibinong
visit : Toko Bunga Depok
visit : Toko Bunga Bogor Murah



99
De: asds Fecha: 2018-11-16 03:39

WEBSITE TOKO BUNGA BOGOR
visit : Toko Bunga Bogor
visit : Toko Bunga Papan Bogor
visit : Bunga Papan Bogor
visit : Jual Karangan Bunga Papan
visit : Jual Bunga Di Bogor
visit : Toko Bunga 24 Jam
visit : Toko Bunga Sentul
visit : Toko Bunga Cibinong
visit : Toko Bunga Depok
visit : Toko Bunga Bogor Murah



100
De: asds Fecha: 2018-11-16 03:39

WEBSITE TRAVELINCITI
visit : sewa bus murah jakarta
visit : sewa bus pariwisata murah
visit : sewa bus pariwisata jakarta
visit : sewa bus pariwisata
visit : sewa bus jakarta
visit : Sewa elf murah jakarta
visit : Sewa elf jakarta
visit : Sewa elf murah
visit : Sewa elf pariwisata
visit : Sewa elf pariwisata murah
visit : sewa bus murah jakarta
visit : sewa bus pariwisata murah
visit : sewa bus jakarta
visit : sewa bus pariwisata jakarta
visit : Sewa bus pariwisata
visit : Sewa elf jakarta
visit : Sewa elf murah jakarta
visit : Sewa elf murah
visit : Sewa elf pariwisata
visit : Sewa elf pariwisata murah



101
De: asds Fecha: 2018-11-16 03:44

WEBSITE RENTAL BANJARMASIN

visit : rental mobil banjarmasin
visit : sewa mobil banjarmasin
visit : rental mobil banjarbaru
visit : sewa mobil banjarbaru
visit : rental mobil murah banjarmasin
visit : sewa mobil murah banjarmasin
visit : rental mobil murah banjarbaru
visit : sewa mobil murah banjarbaru
visit : rental mobil di banjarmasin
visit : sewa mobil di banjarmasin



102
De: punebeauties Fecha: 2018-11-19 12:20

This is Punebeauties, professionally love matchmaker.
Since 2012 we are the top most searched beauty networker. You know Pune is an international fame for commercial activities since centuries. Regular visitors need beauty service,
then service providers are playing in this mega metropolitan city.
Pune-escorts
Escorts-Pune
Pune-escorts
Escorts-Pune
Pune-escorts
Escorts-Pune
Pune-escorts
Escorts-Pune
Pune-escorts
Escorts-Pune
Pune-escorts
Escorts-Pune



103
De: 247 Electrical Services Fecha: 2018-11-22 20:57

These are expert emergency electricians on call 24 hours a day 7 days a week. We cover all the following areas.
Domestic Electricians
Electrician Daventry
Electricians Kenilworth
Electricians Moseley
Electricians Swadlincote
Electricians Ashby De La Zouch
Electricians Bartley Green
Electricians Burntwood
Electricians Cannock
Electricians Coleshill
Electricians Evesham
Electricians Halesowen
Electricians Alcester
Electricians Cradley Heath
Electricians Loughborough
Electricians Pershore
Electricians Rugby
Electricians Smethwick
Electricians Stourport
Electricians Studley
Electricians Malvern
Electricians Stourbridge
Electricians Tamworth
Electricians Telford
Electricians Warwick
Electricians Wombourne
Emergency Electricians
Electricians Walsall
Electricians Coventry
Electricians Burton Upon Trent
Electricians Worcester
Electricians Birmingham
Electricians Daventry
Electricians Wolverhampton
Electricians Stourbridge
Electricians Dudley
Electricians Sandwell
Electricians Stafford
Electricians Cannock
Electricians Kingswinford
Electricians Leamington Spa
Electricians Leicester
Electricians Sutton Coldfield
Electricians Stratford Upon Avon
Electricians Lichfield
Electricians Oldbury
Electricians Shrewsbury
Electricians Solihull



104
De: 247 Electric Fecha: 2018-11-22 20:59

This website is brill i am so glad i found it. Emergency electricians covering these areas available for all electrical call outs 24/7.
Electricians Halesowen
Electricians Acocks Green
Electricians Bearwood
Electricians Bilston
Electricians Birmingham
Electricians Castle Bromwich
Electricians Codsall
Electricians Great Barr
Electricians Hall Green
Electricians Oldbury
Electricians Rowley Regis
Electricians Solihull
Electricians Sutton Coldfield
Electricians Wolverhampton
Electricians Wednesfield
Electricians Wednesbury
Electricians West Bromwich
Electricians Wombourne



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